TLS (HTTPS)

This is an example that uses ESP32's Wi-Fi and Mbed TLS.


Example

HTTPS access.


#include <Arduino.h>
#include "https_request.h"
#include "ESP32Interface.h"
 
#define MBED_CONF_APP_WIFI_SSID "Okamylab7"
#define MBED_CONF_APP_WIFI_PASSWORD "oooooooo"
ESP32Interface wifi;
 
/* List of trusted root CA certificates
 * currently two: GlobalSign, the CA for developer.mbed.org and Let's Encrypt, the CA for httpbin.org
 *
 * To add more root certificates, just concatenate them.
 */
const char SSL_CA_PEM[] = "-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----\n"
    "MIIDdTCCAl2gAwIBAgILBAAAAAABFUtaw5QwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEFBQAwVzELMAkG\n"
    "A1UEBhMCQkUxGTAXBgNVBAoTEEdsb2JhbFNpZ24gbnYtc2ExEDAOBgNVBAsTB1Jv\n"
    "b3QgQ0ExGzAZBgNVBAMTEkdsb2JhbFNpZ24gUm9vdCBDQTAeFw05ODA5MDExMjAw\n"
    "MDBaFw0yODAxMjgxMjAwMDBaMFcxCzAJBgNVBAYTAkJFMRkwFwYDVQQKExBHbG9i\n"
    "YWxTaWduIG52LXNhMRAwDgYDVQQLEwdSb290IENBMRswGQYDVQQDExJHbG9iYWxT\n"
    "aWduIFJvb3QgQ0EwggEiMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBAQUAA4IBDwAwggEKAoIBAQDaDuaZ\n"
    "jc6j40+Kfvvxi4Mla+pIH/EqsLmVEQS98GPR4mdmzxzdzxtIK+6NiY6arymAZavp\n"
    "xy0Sy6scTHAHoT0KMM0VjU/43dSMUBUc71DuxC73/OlS8pF94G3VNTCOXkNz8kHp\n"
    "1Wrjsok6Vjk4bwY8iGlbKk3Fp1S4bInMm/k8yuX9ifUSPJJ4ltbcdG6TRGHRjcdG\n"
    "snUOhugZitVtbNV4FpWi6cgKOOvyJBNPc1STE4U6G7weNLWLBYy5d4ux2x8gkasJ\n"
    "U26Qzns3dLlwR5EiUWMWea6xrkEmCMgZK9FGqkjWZCrXgzT/LCrBbBlDSgeF59N8\n"
    "9iFo7+ryUp9/k5DPAgMBAAGjQjBAMA4GA1UdDwEB/wQEAwIBBjAPBgNVHRMBAf8E\n"
    "BTADAQH/MB0GA1UdDgQWBBRge2YaRQ2XyolQL30EzTSo//z9SzANBgkqhkiG9w0B\n"
    "AQUFAAOCAQEA1nPnfE920I2/7LqivjTFKDK1fPxsnCwrvQmeU79rXqoRSLblCKOz\n"
    "yj1hTdNGCbM+w6DjY1Ub8rrvrTnhQ7k4o+YviiY776BQVvnGCv04zcQLcFGUl5gE\n"
    "38NflNUVyRRBnMRddWQVDf9VMOyGj/8N7yy5Y0b2qvzfvGn9LhJIZJrglfCm7ymP\n"
    "AbEVtQwdpf5pLGkkeB6zpxxxYu7KyJesF12KwvhHhm4qxFYxldBniYUr+WymXUad\n"
    "DKqC5JlR3XC321Y9YeRq4VzW9v493kHMB65jUr9TU/Qr6cf9tveCX4XSQRjbgbME\n"
    "HMUfpIBvFSDJ3gyICh3WZlXi/EjJKSZp4A==\n"
    "-----END CERTIFICATE-----\n"
    "-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----\n"
    "MIIEkjCCA3qgAwIBAgIQCgFBQgAAAVOFc2oLheynCDANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQsFADA/\n"
    "MSQwIgYDVQQKExtEaWdpdGFsIFNpZ25hdHVyZSBUcnVzdCBDby4xFzAVBgNVBAMT\n"
    "DkRTVCBSb290IENBIFgzMB4XDTE2MDMxNzE2NDA0NloXDTIxMDMxNzE2NDA0Nlow\n"
    "SjELMAkGA1UEBhMCVVMxFjAUBgNVBAoTDUxldCdzIEVuY3J5cHQxIzAhBgNVBAMT\n"
    "GkxldCdzIEVuY3J5cHQgQXV0aG9yaXR5IFgzMIIBIjANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQEFAAOC\n"
    "AQ8AMIIBCgKCAQEAnNMM8FrlLke3cl03g7NoYzDq1zUmGSXhvb418XCSL7e4S0EF\n"
    "q6meNQhY7LEqxGiHC6PjdeTm86dicbp5gWAf15Gan/PQeGdxyGkOlZHP/uaZ6WA8\n"
    "SMx+yk13EiSdRxta67nsHjcAHJyse6cF6s5K671B5TaYucv9bTyWaN8jKkKQDIZ0\n"
    "Z8h/pZq4UmEUEz9l6YKHy9v6Dlb2honzhT+Xhq+w3Brvaw2VFn3EK6BlspkENnWA\n"
    "a6xK8xuQSXgvopZPKiAlKQTGdMDQMc2PMTiVFrqoM7hD8bEfwzB/onkxEz0tNvjj\n"
    "/PIzark5McWvxI0NHWQWM6r6hCm21AvA2H3DkwIDAQABo4IBfTCCAXkwEgYDVR0T\n"
    "AQH/BAgwBgEB/wIBADAOBgNVHQ8BAf8EBAMCAYYwfwYIKwYBBQUHAQEEczBxMDIG\n"
    "CCsGAQUFBzABhiZodHRwOi8vaXNyZy50cnVzdGlkLm9jc3AuaWRlbnRydXN0LmNv\n"
    "bTA7BggrBgEFBQcwAoYvaHR0cDovL2FwcHMuaWRlbnRydXN0LmNvbS9yb290cy9k\n"
    "c3Ryb290Y2F4My5wN2MwHwYDVR0jBBgwFoAUxKexpHsscfrb4UuQdf/EFWCFiRAw\n"
    "VAYDVR0gBE0wSzAIBgZngQwBAgEwPwYLKwYBBAGC3xMBAQEwMDAuBggrBgEFBQcC\n"
    "ARYiaHR0cDovL2Nwcy5yb290LXgxLmxldHNlbmNyeXB0Lm9yZzA8BgNVHR8ENTAz\n"
    "MDGgL6AthitodHRwOi8vY3JsLmlkZW50cnVzdC5jb20vRFNUUk9PVENBWDNDUkwu\n"
    "Y3JsMB0GA1UdDgQWBBSoSmpjBH3duubRObemRWXv86jsoTANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQsF\n"
    "AAOCAQEA3TPXEfNjWDjdGBX7CVW+dla5cEilaUcne8IkCJLxWh9KEik3JHRRHGJo\n"
    "uM2VcGfl96S8TihRzZvoroed6ti6WqEBmtzw3Wodatg+VyOeph4EYpr/1wXKtx8/\n"
    "wApIvJSwtmVi4MFU5aMqrSDE6ea73Mj2tcMyo5jMd6jmeWUHK8so/joWUoHOUgwu\n"
    "X4Po1QYz+3dszkDqMp4fklxBwXRsW10KXzPMTZ+sOPAveyxindmjkW8lGy+QsRlG\n"
    "PfZ+G6Z6h7mjem0Y+iWlkYcV4PIWL1iwBi8saCbGS5jN2p8M+X+Q7UNKEkROb3N6\n"
    "KOqkqm57TH2H3eDJAkSnh6/DNFu0Qg==\n"
    "-----END CERTIFICATE-----\n";
 
void dump_response(HttpResponse* res) {
    mbedtls_printf("Status: %d - %s\n", res->get_status_code(), res->get_status_message().c_str());
 
    mbedtls_printf("Headers:\n");
    for (size_t ix = 0; ix < res->get_headers_length(); ix++) {
        mbedtls_printf("\t%s: %s\n", res->get_headers_fields()[ix]->c_str(), res->get_headers_values()[ix]->c_str());
    }
    mbedtls_printf("\nBody (%d bytes):\n\n%s\n", res->get_body_length(), res->get_body_as_string().c_str());
}
 
void setup() {
    printf("\nConnecting...\n");
    int ret = wifi.connect(MBED_CONF_APP_WIFI_SSID, MBED_CONF_APP_WIFI_PASSWORD, NSAPI_SECURITY_WPA_WPA2);
    if (ret != 0) {
        printf("\nConnection error\n");
        while(1);
    }
    printf("Success\n\n");
    printf("MAC: %s\n", wifi.get_mac_address());
    printf("IP: %s\n", wifi.get_ip_address());
    printf("Netmask: %s\n", wifi.get_netmask());
    printf("Gateway: %s\n", wifi.get_gateway());
    printf("RSSI: %d\n\n", wifi.get_rssi());
 
    // GET request to developer.mbed.org
    {
        printf("\n----- HTTPS GET request -----\n");
 
        HttpsRequest* get_req = new HttpsRequest(&wifi, SSL_CA_PEM, HTTP_GET, "https://os.mbed.com/media/uploads/mbed_official/hello.txt");
        get_req->set_debug(true);
 
        HttpResponse* get_res = get_req->send();
        if (!get_res) {
            printf("HttpRequest failed (error code %d)\n", get_req->get_error());
            while(1);
        }
        printf("\n----- HTTPS GET response -----\n");
        dump_response(get_res);
 
        delete get_req;
    }
 
    // POST request to httpbin.org
    {
        printf("\n----- HTTPS POST request -----\n");
 
        HttpsRequest* post_req = new HttpsRequest(&wifi, SSL_CA_PEM, HTTP_POST, "https://httpbin.org/post");
        post_req->set_debug(true);
        post_req->set_header("Content-Type", "application/json");
 
        const char body[] = "{\"hello\":\"world\"}";
 
        HttpResponse* post_res = post_req->send(body, strlen(body));
        if (!post_res) {
            printf("HttpRequest failed (error code %d)\n", post_req->get_error());
            while(1);
        }
 
        printf("\n----- HTTPS POST response -----\n");
        dump_response(post_res);
 
        delete post_req;
    }
 
    Thread::wait(osWaitForever);
}
 
void loop() {
 
}